Monday, 16 November 2009

Finnish perceptions of PISA Success: Previous Research, Part Ten - Cultural Homogeneity

The cultural homogeneity of Finland allows the country to achieve in education and PISA. 

Finland, a country with a generally homogeneous population, does not have the same issues, or at least to the same extent, as countries with varying cultural backgrounds and heterogeneous populations.  

Cultural homogeneity does have its advantages, however, as Valijarvi et al. attribute cultural homogeneity as a source of strength for the country.  In other words, Finland has enjoyed political consensus, especially in matters of education.  The "mutual understanding" achieved through this consensus allowed for the reforms of the 1970s to pass "without huge political contradictions" (Valijarvi, et al., 2007).  

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