The apprenticeship schemes in vocational schools have expanded recently, and approximately 10% of the vocational course takes place in an apprenticeship environment.
Institutions carrying out vocational education receive a license from the Ministry of Education, but municipalities and companies carry out the education itself.
In initial vocational education, students can receive 53 qualifications out of 116 study programs. The qualifications can come under seven sectors of vocational study:
- Natural sciences
- Technology and transport
- Social sciences, business and administration
- Tourism, catering, and home economics
- Health and social services
- Leisure and physical education
- Humanities and teaching
Vocational education and training in Finland believes in giving students the knowledge and skills necessary for vocation competence and employment, in addition to knowledge and skills needed for further studies and lifelong learning. Therefore, students in the vocational sector have 1/3 of their curriculum filled by general studies.
Recently, it has become popular for students to gain qualifications in both the academic and vocational sectors of upper-secondary education. 10% of students in the vocational track take classes in the general upper-secondary schools, and 8% take the matriculation exam.