The Constitution of Finland clearly defines the rights of education in the Swedish language. In Section 17, the Constitution confirms the two national languages of Finland, and asserts the right to use the mother tongue in official capacities, such as courts of law and government documents. It also affirms the provision for cultural and societal necessities, on an equal basis, in the mother tongue.
In 1920, with the founding of the Swedish Department in the Central Bureau of Schools, both Swedish schools and Finnish schools held, legally, an equal position.
This advantageous minority position does not find a parallel with the Finnish-speaking minority in Sweden.
Click here for a map of Finland showing the Swedish-speaking areas.